5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy

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Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy. If you decide to get a baby, what is important is that you simply care a lot, in order that you and the baby are healthy in the future. Girls who receive health care and take the right decisions are highly likely to have healthy babies.

Prenatal Care

5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy
5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy

If you discover you’re pregnant, see a doctor as quickly as possible to begin with receiving prenatal care (care while pregnant). The sooner you start receiving health care bills, the higher the chances that you and also your infant are healthy down the road.

If you can not afford to check out a doctor or purchase the consultation in a very clinic for prenatal care, social service organizations exist which will help. Ask your mother and father, school counselor and other trusted adult to assist you find resources in your community.

During the very first consultation, a doctor can make a lot of questions, such as date of your respective last period. In this way, you are able to calculate the length of time are you currently pregnant and what date you expect baby.

Doctors estimate the time period of pregnancy in weeks. The payment date is estimated, nevertheless the most babies born between 38 and 42 weeks after the 1st day of last period of females, or between 36 and 38 weeks after conception (when the sperm fertilizes the egg). Only a small percentage of ladies giving birth with the estimated delivery date.

The pregnancy is divided into three phases, or quarters. The first quarter runs from conception to absolve of week 13. The second is from week 14 to 26. The third, from week 27 until the end of being pregnant.

The doctor will examine you together with perform a pelvic exam. The doctor will likely order blood tests, urine tests and tests to evaluate for sexually transmitted diseases (STD by its acronym in English), including an HIV test, a more and more common problems in adolescents. (Because some STDs can cause serious health issues in newborns, it is very important get appropriate treatment to safeguard the infant.)

The doctor can tell you what are physical and emotional changes which can be prone to experience while pregnant. We also learn how to recognize the symptoms of possible problems (complications) during pregnancy. This is essential, because teenagers are in greater risk of crossing certain complications such as anemia or hypertension, and provide birth ahead of the expected date (premature labor).

Your doctor would want to begin to take prenatal vitamins containing folic acid, calcium and iron away. Your doctor may prescribe vitamins or can recommend a brandname you are able to buy doctors office. These vitamin supplements make certain the excellent health of baby and mother, and prevent certain birth defects.

Ideally, you must go to your doctor every month during the very first 28 weeks of childbearing. Then you need to visit every 14 days until week 36 and weekly thereafter until delivery. If you’ve got an illness like diabetes, which requires careful monitoring during pregnancy, it’s quite possible that your particular doctor would like to look at you more frequently.

During consultations, your doctor will monitor weight, blood pressure levels and urine, as well as measuring your belly to go record the child’s growth. When the newborn’s heartbeat may be heard having a special device, a doctor will listen to every time you visit. It is likely that your particular doctor may also indicate other tests in pregnancy, like an ultrasound to ensure the baby is in perfect condition.

Also a part of prenatal care to attend classes where ladies who predict an infant learning how to get a healthy pregnancy and delivery, and also which are the basic care to the newborn. It is likely that these is conducted in hospitals, medical centers, schools and universities locally.

If adults might be difficult to speak to your medical professional about your own body, this really is difficult for adolescents. The role of your doctor is that may help you try a healthy pregnancy and have a very healthy baby… and it’s quite possible there’s nothing a pregnant woman has not yet told. So do not be afraid to ask about everything you should know.

Always be honest when a medical expert will ask questions, even though these are embarrassing. Many in the issues that the doctor wants one to cover may affect the health of your baby. Think of your doctor as someone who isn’t only a resource but additionally a friend you can trust to speak about what’s happening.

What changes can you expect within you

Pregnancy creates many physical changes. Here are some of the most common:

Growth of breasts

The increase in breast dimension is one of the initial signs of being pregnant and the breasts may continue to develop throughout pregnancy. It is possible to increase several sizes of support throughout the course of being pregnant.

Skin changes

Do stop surprised if people’s comments that your particular skin looks “glowing” if you are pregnant: pregnancy produces a greater blood volume, that make your cheeks certainly are a somewhat more pink than usual. In addition, hormonal changes improve the secretion from the oil glands, so that your skin may look brighter. For the same reason, acne is also common during pregnancy.

Among other changes that pregnancy hormones generated inside skin are yellowish or brownish spots that be visible on the eye, that are called melasma, along with a dark stripe running through the navel on the pubis, which referred to as linea nigra.

Also, moles or freckles that you’d before pregnancy may rise in size or become darker. Even the areola, the location round the nipple becomes darker. Stretch marks could also occur (thin lines of pink or purple) inside abdomen, breasts or thighs.

Except for the darkening with the areola, which is usually permanent, these skin changes will disappear after delivery.

Mood swings

It is quite common to experience moodiness when pregnant. Some girls may suffer from depression when pregnant or after childbirth. If you’ve the signs of depression including sadness, changes in sleep patterns, wants to hurt yourself or negative feelings about yourself or your life, ask your physician for advice about starting your treatment.

Pregnancy Discomforts

Pregnancy can cause some unpleasant unwanted side effects. Among such disorders, include the following:

  • nausea and vomiting, especially during the initial months of pregnancy;
  • leg swelling;
  • varicose veins within the legs and the area across the vaginal opening;
  • hemorrhoids;
  • heartburn and constipation;
  • back pain;
  • fatigue and
  • sleeping problems.

If you suffer from one or higher of those unwanted effects, do not forget that you might be not alone. Ask your physician for advice on how to deal with these common problems.

If you happen to be pregnant and possess bleeding or pain, contact a medical expert immediately, even if you thought we would terminate your pregnancy.

What you ought to avoid

If you smoke, drink alcohol or use drugs when pregnant, both you and your baby have reached risk for serious problems.


At present, doctors still find it not better to drink a drop of alcohol while pregnant. If you drink alcohol consumption can break the developing fetus and the baby are at risk for birth defects and mental problems.


Smoking while pregnant carries some with the following risks: the birth of a dead fetus (when a child dies inside the womb), low birth weight (which enhances the possibility that the newborn has medical problems), infants infants (babies born before 37 weeks) syndrome and sudden infant death (SIDS for its acronym in English). SIDS may be the sudden death for no apparent reason, an infant under twelve months.


Illegal drugs such as cocaine or marijuana during pregnancy may cause abortions, premature births and other medical problems. In addition, babies could be born with an being hooked on certain drugs.

If you might have trouble stopping smoking, alcohol consumption or using drugs, ask your doctor that will help you. Consult a medical expert before taking any medication in pregnancy. This includes medicines sold over-the-counter, prepared herbal supplements and vitamins.

Unsafe Sex

Talk to your doctor about sex during pregnancy. If your physician allows that you have intercourse during pregnancy, you must use a condom to stop contracting a sexually transmitted disease (STD in English). Because some STDs could cause blindness, pneumonia or meningitis within the newborn, it is necessary for you to guard yourself and protect the newborn.

Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy

1. Feeding

5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy
5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy

Many young people are worried through the appearance of your body and concern with weight gain when pregnant. But this really is not enough time to cut calories or embark on dieting because you’re feeding a couple. Both you together with your baby need certain nutrients for the infant to grow properly. If you eat a variety of healthy food, drink enough water so you lessen the unhealthy foods, high fat, assistance to you and also the child are healthy and growing.

Doctors generally recommend adding about 300 calories per day for the diet, so as to provide the newborn with adequate nutrition growth. According for the weight you possessed before getting pregnant, you ought to gain between 11 and 15 kilos (25 to 35 pounds) in pregnancy, mostly through the last six months. Your doctor will counsel you relating to this depending on your particular situation.

Eat more fiber from -25 to 30 grams daily, and drinking enough water can help prevent common problems such as constipation. Fruits and vegetables and wholemeal breads, cereals or whole wheat muffins are perfect reasons for fiber.

It is essential which you avoid some foods and beverages during pregnancy, including:

  • some forms of fish including swordfish, canned tuna along with other fish that will have a very high content of
  • mercury (a medical expert can assist you to pick which fish you can eat);
  • foods containing raw eggs, for example mousse or salad type “Caesar”;
  • raw meat, fish or just cooked;
  • processed meats including sausages or cold cuts;
  • Unpasteurized soft cheeses like feta, brie, blue or goat, and
  • milk, unpasteurized juice or cider.

It can also be desirable to limit the consumption of artificial sweeteners and caffeine and artificial sweeteners.

2. Exercise

5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy
5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy

Exercising when pregnant is wonderful for your overall health when you might have no complications with the pregnancy and judge appropriate activities. Doctors generally recommend low-impact activities such as walking, swimming and yoga. In general, you should avoid contact sports and high impact aerobic activities that pose a higher risk of injury. It is additionally not recommended to perform a job that requires heavy-lifting for ladies during pregnancy. Talk to your physician if you have questions about what kind of workouts are safe for you together with your infant.

3. Sleep

5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy
5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy

It is very important to acquire lots of rest when pregnant. During the initial months of pregnancy, attempting to acquire the habit of resting on your side. As pregnancy progresses, lying in your favor, knees bent, would be the preferred position. It will facilitate the functioning with the heart, since the newborn’s weight will not exert any pressure around the vein that carries blood from the feet and legs back towards the heart.

Some doctors specifically recommend that pregnant girls should sleep on his left side. Because some in the major bloodstream are in the right side from the abdomen, lying around the left side helps keep the uterus puts pressure on them. Ask your doctor what your recommendation. In most cases, the secret is always to lie on either side, to relieve pressure for the back.

Throughout the pregnancy, but particularly in the later stages, it is likely that you just wake frequently in the evening to look on the bathroom. While you should drink plenty of water in pregnancy, try to drink more during the day as an alternative to night. Go for the bathroom before bed. As her pregnancy progresses, there’s a chance you’re hard to find a cushty position in bed. You can try placing pillows around and within the stomach, back or legs to feel convenient.

Stress also affects sleep. Perhaps you’re concerned with the health of the child, birth, or the actual way it will play this new role of mother. All these feelings are normal, but tend to produce insomnia. Talk to your doctor if you have sleep problems in pregnancy.

4. Emotional Health

5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy
5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy

It is normal for pregnant adolescents experience many different emotions such as fear, anger, guilt, confusion and sadness. Maybe you take the time to adjust to the fact that you happen to be having an infant. It means a massive change and it’s also natural for pregnant teens wonder if they may be ready for the responsibilities involved in becoming mothers.

The feelings of the young often depend upon the amount support received by the baby’s father, his family (and category of the baby’s father) and his friends. The situation of each one youth differs. Depending on your situation, you may have to seek more support for those who usually are not part of the family. It is vital to consult with individuals who can hold you, guide you and also allow you to share and deal with your feelings. Your school counselor or nurse can guide that you get the resources offered to help your community.

In certain cases, teenage pregnancies and spontaneous abortions choosing a lump sum the newborn. This may be very sad and difficult to overcome for many, but to others it causes a sense of relief. It is vital to talk about these feelings and receive support from friends and family, if this really is not possible, go to counselors or teachers.

5. The school as well as the future

5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy
5 Simple Steps to Having a Healthy Pregnancy

Some girls prefer to raise her baby by themselves. Sometimes grandparents or another family members help them to. Some the younger generation tend to deliver her baby for adoption. These difficult decisions involve quite a lot of courage and concern for the newborn.

Young females who have completely finished senior high school will have greater chances of obtaining a good job and like a more successful life. As far as possible, you should finish secondary school now instead of trying to travel returning to school later. Ask your school counselor or perhaps a trusted adult that you provide information about what programs and classes offered in the community for pregnant teens.

Some communities have support groups especially specialized in teen parents. In some schools, no childcare. Perhaps a member of one’s family or an associate usually takes the infant if you are at school.

You can learn more about how are you affected once you mother in case you read books, attend classes or consultations reliable websites on parenting. Your pediatrician, your mother and father, your family members and other adults can make suggestions when you’re pregnant and whenever you become a mom.

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